CNC Machine Shop – What Is It?

CNC stands for computer numerical control to start with. This particular machine is automated and runs with extreme accuracy and precision. It may also reach great degrees of complexity by using the least expensive methods. All of these things happen thanks to subtractive manufacturing techniques, unlike 3d printing, which is additive manufacturing. In summary, a CNC machine offers a convenient and affordable way to produce goods quickly. So what exactly is a CNC machine shop?

What Is a CNC Machine Shop?

A typical CNC machine shop is a machining shop where appropriate materials are manufactured into CNC machine components.

A CNC machine shop may be found on floors, rooms, or whole buildings. CNC machines are specifically used by a machinist at the CNC machine shop to cut and shape metal and plastic components into certain machined parts.

Additionally, some CNC machine shops use cutting-edge multi-axis machines to produce complex and accurate custom CNC machined parts in their machine shop.

Depending on production capabilities, either low volume production or high volume production, the Computer Numeric Control machine shop focuses on specialized sectors, such as complex automotive, complex aerospace, complex medical devices, etc. Some CNC machining business services may offer comprehensive engineering machinery design, verification, and manufacturing of machining concepts since they have competent design and analysis engineers.

As a result, all machining services are handled by top-tier CNC machine shops using cutting-edge CNC machining technology. This guarantees their continued relevance and competitiveness in the machining industry.

2 Important Types of CNC Machines

CNC milling machines

CNC mills, equipped with integrated tools mostly used for drilling and cutting, are among the most popular CNC machines in a CNC machine shop. Mills create and convert customized programs made of letters and numbers to route and move the spindle in various ways (G code).

Once the workpiece is inside the milling machine, the computer assumes control. The computer code directs and instructs each action and movement of the spindle and tools to precisely cut and change the workpiece into the intended custom item using the CAD file.

Tapping, turning, drilling, milling the face, and milling the shoulder are a few common operations that a CNC milling machine may do.

The 3-axis machining centers to 6-axis machining centers are available in various configurations for CNC milling machines. The simplest, 3-axis CNC machining equipment has three axis, which represent the movements of the horizontal X, Y, and Z axes (depth).

Also, the 5-axis feature five-axis X, Y, Z, A, and B. CNC milling machines are normally large and expensive compared to other CNC equipment, such as CNC machining routers. In general, CNC mills are used to process hard metals. In contrast, CNC routers machine soft materials like wood, soft metal, and plastic.

Note that milling is different from grinding in that milling is carried out by a milling machine, and grinding is carried out by a grinding machine.

CNC turning machine

CNC turning machine uses a blade or knife to cut the intended product or machined parts out of a workpiece while turning it at high speed. Products with cylindrical, conical, or flat forms often operate well on turning machines. Because CNC Turning Machining can work in any form, it stands out from the turning tool in this regard.

CNC turning machinery are good for rapid, straightforward work while being less expensive and flexible than a CNC mill. The benefit of CNC turning is that the machinery is more compact and portable due to its reduced size. The machinery’s capacity to rotate the workpiece while running is another distinguishing feature. A CNC turning machinery service has a central lathe that can spin and convert raw material resources into shapes in accordance with computer commands and programming.

Two axes are often present in CNC turning. The length of the workpiece is controlled by the Z-axis, which is the movement along the chuck. The diameter of the workpiece is controlled by the X-axis, which is the movement perpendicular to the chuck. This is the most fundamental setup. However, there are more possibilities.

The cutting tools are fed along the spinning or revolving bar stock in a straight or linear motion process. Once the required diameter for the custom design is reached, the machine uses a subtractive process, removing material from the material’s perimeter. The capacity of CNC turning machines to produce external and internal features on the workpiece, such as drill holes, bores, and threads, is its primary usage.

Benefits of Using a CNC Machine Shop

There are various advantages to using a CNC machine shop, some of which are described below.

Maximum resource utilization

Due to their great accuracy, CNC machines maximize resource efficiency by assuring less waste material throughout manufacturing.

Improve Product Quality

A reliable CNC production machine shop raises machined parts quality, increasing precision, quality rating for mechanical uses, and commercial opportunities.

Boosts productivity and profit

 A dependable Computer Numeric Control machine shop uses continuous operating software that runs in a loop to create productivity enhancement and profit.

Accurate results

CNC machine shop providers comfort their consumers by producing consistent, error-free results.

Increase your degree of innovation.

CNC machine shops provide CNC computer programs that may be used with various other software applications, increasing design and manufacturing innovation.


Reliable CNC machine industries employ skilled operators. Because a single skilled operator can handle numerous CNC machines simultaneously, they reduce unnecessary waste and production mistakes.

It reduces the time

Reliable CNC machine shops provide high-speed machines with superior technology to reduce human labor during operation.

Reliable CNC machining service providers guarantee they stay current with technology to satisfy their customers. Using a CNC machine shop in a company improves accuracy, speeds up production, increases safety, and efficiency, and, most significantly, saves money.

Materials that it could create

The adaptability of CNC machining is one of its major benefits. This is because precise CNC milling and turning can effectively generate finished products from a broad range of raw material resources. This provides design engineers with several alternatives for building prototypes and commercial goods.

The majority of CNC-turned and milled components are comprised of metal and plastic. This is because metal is robust and solid, allowing it to endure the rapid material removal induced by contemporary instruments. Let’s start with the most popular metals and plastics utilized for CNC machining;

  • Metals: These include aluminum, stainless steel, brass, steel, and titanium.
  • Plastics: Including Polycarbonate (PC), Acetal (POM), Acrylics (PMMA), and Polypropylene
  • Wood: This includes plywood, hardwood, softwood, and other types.
  • Foam: Examples include rigid foam and carving foam, which are both lightweight and sturdy.

Surface finish it could do

The last phase in CNC machining is surface finishing. Finishing may be used to eliminate cosmetic faults, enhance the look of a product, increase strength and resistance, modify electrical conductivity, and much more. The ideal CNC machining business should be able to provide a wide range of surface finishing choices, such as;

  • Anodizing
  • Electroless nickel plating
  • Powder coating
  • Buffing
  • Polishing
  • Sandblasting
  • Painting
  • Custom part marking with laser engraving and silk screening

Tolerances it could meet

Reputable CNC machine shops should provide a variety of CNC machining service tolerances to meet the demands of its customer.

It should provide standard tolerances for CNC machining metal materials that comply with DIN-2768-1-fine and DIN-2768-1-medium for plastics, utilizing a standard CNC machining tolerance chart. A common tolerance for a CNC machining service is 0.005″. The strictest precision machining tolerances are in the 0.001″ range, around the width of a human hair.

7 ways to reduce the cost of Worthy Hardware

Changes in CNC machining time, start-up costs, material prices, and other factors may all help you save money. Some product needs are unchangeable, but taking efforts to ensure your design is optimal may dramatically cut costs. Here are some of our tips for lowering CNC machining costs.

Get rid of deep pockets.

Deep pocket designs need the removal of more material, resulting in more effort and greater expenses. Special tools may also be used to obtain the desired depth. As a result, the depth of the pockets in the design should be four times the length.

To save money:

Deep pockets should be avoided as much as possible.

Pocket depth should be four times the length.

Make Use of Low-Cost Materials

Softer metals are less costly to mill because:

(a) softer materials, such as aluminum (e.g., 6061 and 7075), cut more readily, saving precision machining time;

(b) tougher materials need more expensive equipment, increasing project costs.

To save money:

When feasible, choose softer and more ductile sheet metal alloys that are readily machinable.

Always think about alternate materials.

Round the Internal Corners

Unlike rapid prototyping or EDM, it may seem costly for CNC to create round internal corners. Keep in mind that the machines will halt while working on acute 90-degree corners since the component must be turned before proceeding. This “stop-and-go” approach may be time-consuming. In contrast, with rounded corner machined parts, the machine may continue to operate without stopping.

To save money:

Parts design’s inside corners should be rounded.

Ensure the radius of the interior corners is around one-third the depth of the cavity.

Eliminate any text and lettering.

Adding text to the surface of that parts necessitates additional precision machining stages, which implies more precision machining time and higher total costs. If text or logos are an important aspect of your design, consider silk screening or painting as less expensive methods of adding text to CNC machined parts. If not, avoid all forms of text.

To save money:

Take away all text and letters on the parts

Instead of embossed writing, choosing engraving of parts is recommended

Avoid using multiple finishes.

CNC projects often have two finishes: one to erase the CNC marks on parts and another to add coating on parts. Every extra finish raises the price even more. If your only purpose is to save money, consider going with the machined finish which means no finish.

To save money:

Maintain the machining finish.

Avoid numerous finishes unless absolutely essential.

Construct Thin Walls

Because thin walls are brittle, they require time to produce. To prevent mistakes or cracks, thin walls are machined in numerous passes with modest setting depths. The positioning of holes and threads towards the edge of the component is a typical source of thin walls. Put them in strategic places.

Thick walls are stronger and less expensive to produce. Design metal components with walls thicker than 0.8 millimeters and plastic parts with walls thicker than 1.5 millimeters as long as weight isn’t an issue.

Limit Tight Tolerances

Simply, the greater the cost, the narrower the tolerance. This is due to the fact that human inspections and extra machining time will be required.

Only the critical surfaces with numerical tolerances should be specified. The remainder of the model should be left within a typical tolerance range.

 There are several more techniques to cut the price of your CNC projects. It’s usually a great idea to have your CNC machined parts created by a reputable CNC machine shop that examines your design and recommends optimizing your machined parts and saving money. Begin your project review with Worthyhardware machining online. Request an instant quote for our CNC machining service online.


Do you still need a reliable (Computer Numerical Control) CNC machine shop or industry? Worthy hardware is a cnc machined parts manufacturer that offers innovative manufacturing and quick prototyping solutions to customers worldwide.

All of these standards, and more, are met by our CNC machining operation services. From 1998 to 2022, over two decades, our industry has been providing high-quality machining services for various mechanical parts. Our establishment is ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 certified. We guarantee quality, accuracy, and affordability for any quantity of machined components. Contact us now to have our professional machinists handle all your machining needs. You will not be disappointed if you choose us. Request an instant quote online.

Worthy Hardware is a CNC manufacturing and sheet metal fabrication company,including CNC machining services,CNC milling services, CNC turning services, laser cutting services and stamping services.Call us +86-76989919645 or email us [email protected] for more discounts for your projects.