CNC Machine Workshop: A complete guide

CNC machining

Since the 19th century, machine shops have existed. Machine shops nowadays, on the other hand, are completely different.

Many organizations would be unable to run without these high-precision machining services, which is rather surprising. A CNC shop supplies small firms with expensive machinery and trained employees on a temporary basis for a fraction of the expense of setting up their own manufacturing services.

And obviously, a CNC shop always reduces CNC machining costs. Not only in rapid Prototyping but in all CNC Machined parts.

What is a CNC Machine Shop?

A CNC machine shop is a structure, a floor, or simply a single room where human or automated CNC machines are used to create things & CNC Machined parts. When people speak about a CNC machine shop and machining, they usually mean subtractive manufacturing or, in other words, CNC machining capabilities.

Subtractive manufacturing generates items by subtracting raw material from blocks or blanks and creating CNC machined parts.

Different machines, such as CNC milling, execute various activities that are present in a CNC machine shop because subtractive manufacturing allows for a wide range of processes.

Machine shops are used to create Machined parts from metal materials via CNC turning, 3d printing, etc. Even for major corporations, machine shops substantially reduce CNC machining costs and manufacturing time, allowing them to remain relevant and competitive in today's market.

CNC machine shop Equipment

CNC Machining shops have a wide range of equipment & raw material, the range and type of equipment depends on the facility's size and function.

A CNC machining shop may also have raw machining material of sheet metal to provide production parts, plastic parts, Machined parts, stores that can be milled to manufacture parts, in addition to machinery.

Plastic & metal Materials may, however, be housed elsewhere, such as at a warehouse, depending on the manufacturer's scale.

Machinists can also use their machine shop to digitally design items, which implies computers with CAD software may be present. CNC machining & measuring equipment can also be controlled by computers.

In addition to other machines, shops usually have some or all of the following:

CNC Milling

A CNC mill has a swiveling head on a vertical spindle. A rotary cutter in the head removes material from the blank as needed. A motor moves the workpiece at a constant speed to supply the feed.

Then a High surface polish is achieved by using a low feed rate and a shallow cut depth. Finally, Different cutting tools are used in machining materials to produce parts like precision parts and plastic parts

There is plenty of machines available, such as 3-axis and 5-axis mills. The number of axes dictates the production flexibility, but it also influences the ultimate cost. This is dependent on the parts' complexity.

Manufacturing a complex product using more modern technology is likely to be less expensive, whereas loading a high-cost machine with parts with basic geometry may influence the price in the opposite direction.

A CNC milling machine works best with flat surfaces, although it can also work with uneven ones. A milling machine can also be used for a variety of tasks, including drilling, boring, slotting, and gear cutting.

CNC Machining Center

A CNC machining center (also known as a machining center) is a sophisticated machine that can do high-quality subtractive manufacturing on a variety of product materials.

It has become a popular choice in precision manufacturing due to its unmatched accuracy, high surface quality, and ease of setup in the manufacturing industry to get custom Machined Parts and rapid Prototyping.

In one session, a CNC machining center can mill, drill, and lathe. We can fit many tools at once, and all processes can be completed one after the other until the finished result is obtained.

Live tooling allows you to switch between tools in an automatic manner, significantly reducing turnaround times. Contact Worthy Hardware today to get custom CNC machining.

CNC Lathe Machines

It is one of the first manufacturing machines ever created & has all the manufacturing capabilities to create Machined parts. Though it all began with a manual screw-cutting lathe, today's heavy-duty lathe machines are powered by electricity and can execute a wide range of tasks.

A chuck is always used to hold the workpiece in place on a lathe machine to create Machined parts. In the power tool post, the cutting tool is installed.

The technician then chooses the best speed, feed, and cut depth. While the cutting tool removes the prescribed quantity of material from the workpiece, it spins.

The CNC lathe can execute a wide range of tasks to create Machined parts via a CNC plasma cutting tool. Cutting, turning, facing, drilling, grinding, chamfering, polishing, grooving thread cutting, boring, and knurling are some of these processes.

CNC turning is the most prevalent of the procedures listed, and each one utilizes different tooling.

Because some of these processes can result in hot metal shavings flying out, adequate PPE must be worn before starting any CNC parts prototyping.

Drill press

Drilling holes into a workpiece is made with a drill press to get CNC parts. Handheld drills lack the steadiness and accuracy of a drill press.

A vise holds the workpiece in place while the tooling is fitted into a vertical spindle. The drill bit is pushed into the workpiece by a manual lever, and coolant is supplied to achieve a smooth finish.

Grinding machine 

A grinding machine is a machine that grinds a workpiece's surface to a smooth finish. When a workpiece requires a high surface quality or precise measurements, it is utilized.

A revolving abrasive wheel on the machine comes into touch with a rough surface and removes abnormalities to smooth it down.

Before overhauling or re-entering service, experienced machinists may use a grinding machine to remove rust or debris from equipment surfaces.


A bandsaw is a versatile cutting tool that may be used to make straight cuts. It is used to remove pieces of material in a rough manner prior to further cutting.

Surface finishing tools

As we know, most Machined parts require a surface finish of some form, and buffing, polishing, sandblasting, and coloring are all done with various pieces of equipment.

EDM equipment

Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is a method that penetrates a workpiece using sparks rather than a physical cutting tool. The tool electrode in alternative variants of the technology is made of wire.

Coordinate measuring machine

A coordinate measuring machine (CMM) is a machine that measures the geometry of items to ensure that they fit the original dimensions requirements. A CMM aids in ensuring precision and quality.

Digitalization has changed the CNC machine shop

In the second half of the twentieth century, Computer Numerical Control (CNC) became widely used, forever altering machine shops.

All machining equipment, firstly, was operated manually or mechanically before the introduction of the CNC machine shop, which meant that the accuracy of machined components was primarily dependent on the machine operator's expertise

CNC machines, on the other hand, have complete control over their movements thanks to computer instructions.

G-Code is used to translate digital 3D blueprints into instructions for the CNC machine to follow in order to construct the 3D shape. The computer controls every movement of the cutting tool to millimeter precision, allowing the machine to make flawless replica components to a tight tolerance without error.

CNC machines can also do exceedingly complicated cutting operations in a short amount of time. Swiveling spindles or tables are used on some machines, such as 5-axis CNC mills, to allow the cutting tool to cut the block of material from any angle without interruption.

These 5-axis machines have the ability to quickly machine parts, even custom parts, which is beneficial for machine shops that need to produce vast volumes of parts for significant projects.

A CNC shop can do a lot more than a traditional machine shop. Furthermore, CNC machine shop machinists are typically competent in digital design and hence capable of adapting digital designs for CNC machining to produce parts.

Almost all CNC machinists have manual machining expertise, as it aids in their understanding of the CNC machining process.

A CNC machine shop will also typically be able to work with digital CAD files, technical drawings, or a combination of the two. (Technical drawings are frequently necessary to provide more explanation about a design.)

CNC machining and manual machining which is more better?

Surprisingly, the rise of CNC machine shops has not rendered manual machining obsolete. Not at all.

CNC machines, without a doubt, have certain benefits over manual ones. They're as accurate as possible, guaranteeing repeatability, and fabrication can be done without supervision, allowing workers to focus on other tasks.

In general, a severe machine shop will employ CNC for the vast majority of its activities. Due to the clear benefits of the new technology, CNC shops are now displacing traditional machine shops.

Manual machining, on the other hand, has its advantages.

As we know, manual machines are far less expensive than CNC machines. As a result, machine shops may afford to purchase and operate a number of manual equipment without breaking the bank. Granted, this may benefit the machine shop more than the customer, but lower overheads could mean lower expenses for the customer as well.

More crucially, manual machines do not require prior computer programming to operate. This implies that machinists can start working on a product right away, potentially cutting turnaround times in half compared to a CNC machine.

Manual machining remains a valuable service and a credible option over CNC machining for essential, one-off parts and components that must provide quickly.

It's also beneficial for a machine shop to maintain manual machines on hand for smaller jobs since they may provide support when multi-axis CNC machines are occupied with other tasks.

How to Keep CNC Machine shop safety?

Operating a machine shop needs years of experience, expertise, and adherence to guidelines to maintain machine shop safety. Worthy Hardware offers a complete guide along with excellent customer service.

The following are some machine shop safety rules:

Wear suitable attire. 

Loose-fitting clothing, flammable clothing, jewelry, and open-toed shoes are all prohibited in the machine shop. In any manufacturing environment, safety shoes are preferred. Long hair should be tucked under a shirt or cap and fastened back.

Put on your safety glasses.

When operating any machine, you should wear goggles or other eye protection. Chips that have been removed from the workpiece have the potential to cause catastrophic harm.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Workers who are sick, exhausted, drunk, or on performance-impairing medicines are not permitted to operate machinery.Know how to operate the machinery.

Qualified machinists should only use machines. Workers should read the operator's manual before using a machine that is new or unfamiliar to them. The Operator must determine the placement of the switch. 

Keep the shop neat and tidy.

Slippery floors can be dangerous, and a buildup of dust and debris can be a fire hazard. It's essential to keep the surroundings and machinery dry. Tools should be cleaned and inspected regularly.

There are no distractions. 

Workers operating machinery should not use headphones, talk on their phones, or do anything else that could be distracting.

Leave machines unattended at all times. Machines should be tended to while they are in use. Workers should not leave the shop until all machinery has stopped.

When working with dangerous products, use caution. Some of the materials used in machining are extremely combustible. To avoid a fire, these should be handled with great caution.

Safely store your belongings.

Materials and tools should be kept in a clean storage area where they won't fall or be tripped over by employees.

Exits should be clearly marked. In the event of an accident or an emergency, emergency exits should be easily visible. It's important to keep exits open at all times.

Select the right CNC machine shop

There are various factors to consider for firms and product developers seeking a machine shop to carry out manufacturing.

Some machine shops are more dependable than others, and some specialize in specific types of machining. Some will have worked with clients in a certain industry, which can be useful for possible new customers in that field. Inquire about the machine shop's skills and experience.

A good machine shop should provide the following services:

Pertinent Range of Services

All of the services that we require must be provided by the machine shop. In addition, we should plan ahead for any more services depending upon how many businesses you possess. We may require in the near future and confirm with the machine shop that they will be able to deliver them.

Pricing that is competitive

A good machine shop will have a pricing plan that is mutually advantageous. If a machine shop's rates are so low that it won't make a profit, it may cut corners on material or job quality to boost its profit margin. Rates must be competitive, but quality must not be compromised.

Good Quality of Finished Models.Models with a high level of finish.

The final post-processing product must be of acceptable quality. We must also take into account the machine shop's quality control procedures.

Knowing the quality of the things will give us confidence while discussing them with our customers.

Lead Times that are Reliable

There are machine shops that offer to accomplish a task in a given amount of time and on a certain budget but fail to do so.

Customers' relationships may degrade as a result of this. Before signing a contract with a shop for your desired production parts, make sure you understand their workload and flexibility.

Personal Data Protection

When it comes to proprietary design & particular Machined parts in the same field by using the machines mentioned above, the machine shop must be able to safeguard data privacy.

You can ensure this by obtaining their signature on a non-disclosure agreement (NDA) before discussing design specifications with them.

Communication that is both quick and efficient

There may be times when your company is working under tight deadlines. To keep track of order status, the machine shop must be immediately accessible via digital means.

Furthermore, phone communication must be available in the event that you are unable to connect to the internet. A reputable machine shop will not only respond quickly to questions but will also keep you informed about the status of your order. 


Worthy Hardware is a CNC manufacturing and sheet metal fabrication company,including CNC machining services,CNC milling services, CNC turning services, laser cutting services and stamping services.Call us +86-76989919645 or email us [email protected] for more discounts for your projects.